blood clots in period are not unusual among women. Many women are scared and worried when they pass blood clots. But this can be normal, the amount and frequency of bleeding during periods vary. However, www.webmd.com suggests that it is a cause for concern and warrants a visit to the doctor when you are passing large blood clots for several hours or if your periods are heavy than usual.
Not many women or girls know what and whys of blood clots during periods and when you should visit a doctor. Read below to learn more.
Blood Clot – What is it
The human body produces anticoagulants. This chemical is also known as blood thinners as it prevents blood from becoming into a gel. During periods women experience blood loss, sometimes excessive. Menstrual blood clots are a natural way of keeping a control on the bleeding. This clot consists of clotted blood, endometrial tissue, and fibrin.
Reasons for blood clots during periods
Even Though blood clots are formed due to insufficient uterine strength, there are many other reasons for the formation of blood clots.
Obstruction in the uterus: There could be an obstruction in the flow of menstrual blood within the uterus due to fibroids, polyps, etc.
Adenomyosis: Sometimes the endometrium tissues start to grow within the muscles of the wall of the uterus. That results in excessive bleeding during periods, passing blood clots and also longer periods.
Endometriosis: The uterine lining thickens and causes heavy bleeding during periods which in turn causes blood clots during menstruation.
Post Childbirth Issues: After childbirth, uterus shrinks back to its normal size, but for some women, the uterus does not shrink back. That may cause the blood to clot inside the uterus before it is driven out during menstruation.
The heavy flow of blood during periods causes the uterus to accumulate blood within. When the blood fills uterus faster and is unable to expel it completely, blood pools and later becomes a clot.
Hormones: Progesterone and Estrogen are the two hormones that control how the lining of the uterus is shed. If they are not produced in appropriate quantity in the body, the endometrial lining of the uterus grows thick. This thick wall lining in the uterus can cause heavy bleeding during periods and also blood clots.
When to Visit your Doctor:
Larger than usual blood clots during periods
Frequency of passing of blood clots is very high in a small time frame
Mid-cycle bleeding or spotting
Severe cramps or pain during periods, long periods, excessive fatigue or massive blood loss
For many women, the blood clots may come in one cycle but not the next few cycles or not come again for an extended period. The cause for such behavior can be due to stress, lifestyle changes or dietary changes which might affect the lining in the uterus. Due to this variation in the thickness of the lining the bleeding during periods varies from cycle to cycle, when the bleeding becomes excessive it forms blood clots.
The passing of small bright red clots is nature’s way of cleansing your body.